Many birds migrate to Pakistan and India via Balochistan in search of milder climates due to the extreme cold in Siberia and Central Asia. These birds include the bird of love and loyalty that is in danger of extinction.
Currently, flocks of cranes can be seen on the horizon of Zhob district and surrounding areas in Balochistan’s northern district. Zhob is on his way. Balochistan, according to wildlife experts, is the entry point for these birds, with their final destination being the hot regions of India, where they spend two to three months before returning to their homeland.
In an article published in Geo News, two types of cranes, the common crane, and the Demoiselle crane migrate to India via Balochistan every year. It occurs in the months of February and March. According to Sharifuddin Baloch, these guest birds stop at various locations throughout Balochistan before flying back to India. The majority of these birds like to rest in various locations, including reservoir and dam catchment areas.
The common crane type passes through Balochistan on its way to India via Chaghi, Noshki, Kharan, Washik, Khuzdar, Lasbela, and Sonmiani, whereas the Demoiselle crane type passes through Balochistan on its way to India via Zhob division, and so on. There will be a comeback. According to the wildlife department’s chief conservator, the number and migration of these migratory birds have decreased in recent years due to a variety of factors, including climate change, water, and other habitat degradation, and ruthless hunting.
The way these birds used to come every year is getting less and less every year. There are many reasons for this. But there is a danger of extinction of these birds. Wildlife officials say the cones travel up to 200 kilometers a day, taking about a month to reach India from Siberia and Central Asian states, during which time they travel across the country, including Balochistan. Staying in different areas, during this long journey, hunters in different areas trap these guest birds in various ways during their passage and ruthlessly hunt them, which is a clear violation of the Wildlife Act.
Pakistan has also signed the United Nations Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, which requires Pakistan to provide full protection to migratory species of wild animals within its borders. According to wildlife experts, the cone is a loving and loyal bird that will not mate for its offspring if it loses its mate due to hunting or any other reason, which is a major reason for the extinction of these birds.